Pionus parrots as we know are native to South and Central America, but most of them are native to Mexico. Pionus are a medium size parrots with a given number of specific characteristics. Pionus parrots has a tight body with bare eye ring which could vary in colors. Pionus parrots become very colorful when they are full matured. The tail of Pionus parrots is short and the length of the tail is equal to half of the wings. Many people confuse Pionus parrots with Amazon parrots. The confusion is based on the similarity of these two species. The only way to distinguish is in flight. Pionus parrots have deeper wing-strokes. An interesting fact is that it is very difficult to distinguish a male parrot from a female.
They live in tropical forests, where the level of the humidity is higher. Also you can meet Pionus parrots at the foot of the mountains, but not higher than 2000 m above sea level. Parrots of this species live in small groups on the top of the trees. They eat all kinds of fruits and seeds from the tropical plants. Many parrots of Pionus species have a loud and harsh voice. It is very rare when Pionus parrots tries to imitate human voice and most times without a result.
Pionus parrots have a very interesting way of reproduction. In the nest there are no more than four eggs. The incubation period takes about a month, some aviculturists noticed about 24 days. To the beginning, first ten - fifteen days the parrot babies are fed only by the female. The male parrot only gets the food so the female could feed the babies. Later, the male parrot can feed the babies by himself. The young parrots can fly after 64 – 68 days after they are born. Good to know is the fact that the aviculturists made a split between the young parrots reared by their parents and the young parrots taken away at a smaller age was better trained.
The most commonly kept species are the Blue-headed, Maximillian and White-capped. Pionus parrots are rare special because it’s very hard to bring it from their natural habitat and once done, it is also very hard to find a companion. The aviculturists observed that Pionus Parrots are not very energetic and often they do not like to play, but this kind of parrots is very gentle and charming. Pionus parrots like a big cage and a lot of toys, preferably small so they could chew them.
Pet parrots also eat the same things as the wild parrots. They like seeds and fruits along with corn from the cultivated fields. The pionus parrots are very hungry bird and they may develop obesity, so you might want to pay attention what they eat. There are some kinds of diets available for parrots based only on seeds and dry fruits. You can always mix these diets for proper growth of Pionus parrots.
In captivity, Pionus parrots are susceptible for Aspergillosis and vitamin A deficiency. The symptom of Aspergillosis includes staying alone without any activity and they always look scared. Other illnesses that Pionus parrots can get are internal parasites, bacterial and fungal infections, intestinal influenza and some respiratory ailments.
If you want to train Pionus parrots you should follow these steps:
Another popular choice for pet parrot is sun conure parrots. They are very popular bird as a pet.